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Understanding Commercial Auto Insurance in Florida

Understanding Commercial Auto Insurance in Florida

As a business owner, you’ve heard about (or currently carry) a variety of different commercial insurance types, from worker’s comp to EPLI insurance.

But if you own (or want to start) a business that relies on any kind of vehicle, one type of insurance you can’t go without is commercial auto insurance.

What Is Commercial Auto Insurance?

Much like your personal car insurance policy, commercial auto insurance provides protection for any vehicle designated for business use.

semi truck driving on empty highway

For most people, this brings to mind fleets of cargo vans or semi trucks, but any vehicle can be designated as a commercial vehicle.

  • cars
  • cargo vans
  • utility trucks
  • 18-wheelers
  • food trucks
  • limos
  • taxis

Commercial auto policies can cover owned vehicles as well as rented, leased, or hired ones and you can also get commercial auto coverage for any work equipment, employees, or passengers inside the vehicle or even protection for your business in the event of a lawsuit.

Simply put, if you need your car in order to do your job, you probably need commercial vehicle insurance in Florida.

 

Can’t I Just Use My Personal Car Insurance Policy?

Sorry, no.

Any vehicle on the road is open to risk (that’s why you have insurance!) but business vehicles carry far more risk than your personal car, as they are out on the road more frequently and likely contain valuable equipment (not to mention people).

Your personal auto insurance premiums weren’t written or priced for business use, so your insurer can deny any claims that occurred in the course of running your business or even refuse to carry you at all. Withholding any business use from your personal car insurance provider amounts to insurance fraud and is one of the many reasons that insurance companies raise premiums across the board.

The good news is that your commercial auto premiums (as well as the cost of owning the vehicle) are tax deductible.

 

“Business Use” Policies

smiling businesswoman working in backseat

If you use your personal car for occasional business use, your personal auto insurance policy may cover you, as long as you divulge this information when you purchase the policy.

For instance, a realtor who uses the same vehicle to pick up groceries as they do to take clients to a property would likely qualify for a personal policy that covers some “business use.”

Operating costs would be tax-deductible as well, but only a portion, since the car is not used solely or primarily for business.

Before you update your policy, however, speak to your independent insurance agent to see what type of coverage is best for you.

 

Does Commercial Auto Insurance Cover My Employees?

That’s definitely an option.

If your employees will be driving a company car regularly in their line of work, you’ll need to list them as drivers on your commercial auto policy. If they don’t typically drive as part of their job description (but you need them to fill in and drop off paperwork to a client, for example), they would likely still be covered on your policy as a “permissive user.”

But what about you and/or your employees’ use of a personal vehicle for business purposes?

This is where coverage gets a little less clear.

man and woman smiling in front car seats

Employees commuting to and from work in their personal vehicles are not covered under your business auto insurance policy (even if they were picking up donuts for the office). This is because, although they were driving because of work, they weren’t driving while working.

A commercial auto insurance policy could kick in if they were using their personal vehicle for work purposes.

An employee using her Mustang to deliver pizza, for example, would likely not be covered by her personal auto insurance if she rear-ends someone during her Friday night delivery run. However, if her employer had physical damage coverage for hired and non-owned (that is, not owned by the company) vehicles, the commercial policy would likely cover the damage to the delivery driver’s car.

But before you tell your employees they’re covered no matter what, talk to your independent insurance agent. Most business owners don’t have Non-Owned Physical Damage coverage, so the employee would be responsible for the damage herself. In these cases, your commercial auto policy protects the business’ financial interest, not the employees’.

 

How Much Commercial Auto Insurance Coverage Do I Need?

Just as with your personal auto policy, commercial auto insurance in Florida requires a minimum amount of coverage:

  • $10,000 of Personal Injury Protection (PIP) and
  • $10,000 of property damage liability.

(Please note that this is just the legal requirement. It doesn’t even begin to address what you might actually need!)

Beyond this, there are several optional riders and/or floaters that can help build a more comprehensive network of coverage for your company vehicle(s).

  • Bodily Injury Liability – Covers physical injury to another person as well as legal expenses if the injured party sues your business.
  • Property Damage Liability – Covers property damage to another person in the event your covered vehicle causes an accident (i.e. you hit someone’s mailbox). Property damage coverage can also be combined with bodily injury liability to make what is called Combined Single Limit.
  • Uninsured Motorist Coverage – Covers the damage if you are in an accident with an uninsured, at-fault driver.
  • Hired and Non-Owned Liability – Covers physical and property damage caused by a borrowed or rented vehicle being used for work purposes.
  • Hired and Non-Owned Physical Damage – Covers physical damaged caused to a borrowed or rented vehicle being used for work purposes.
  • Medical Payments – Covers medical costs to you or any injured passengers.
  • Collision – Covers damage caused by colliding with another object or overturning.
  • Comprehensive – Covers damage not caused by a collision or overturning. (Examples would be fire, theft, flooding, or wind.)

This is by no means a thorough list of your rider options; please speak to your insurance agent before you decide which coverage levels to add to your policy.

 

Car Insurance For Ride-Sharing Drivers

No one claims that you can make a living as a driver for a ride-sharing app (like Uber and Lyft), but it remains a popular side gig for anybody with a dependable car looking to make some extra cash.

Because of the many inherent risks of transporting a stranger in your vehicle for money, it’s important to understand how the insurance works before you sign up with one of these companies.

attractive man in front car seat with open door

The most popular ridesharing platforms–Uber and Lyft– provide different levels of coverage based on the timeline of logging in to the app, finding a passenger, picking them up, and taking them to their destination.

  • Period 0 (Logged Out, Not Working) – You would not be covered by a rideshare company if you are logged out of the app and going about your personal business; in this case, your personal auto policy would apply.
  • Period 1 (Logged In, Not Working) – If you have logged into the app and are waiting for a passenger, Uber and Lyft provide limited coverage. Your personal auto policy won’t cover you unless you have purchased a rider to your existing policy.
  • Period 2 & 3 (Picking Up the Passenger; Driving to the Destination) – Once you have accepted a ride and picked up your passenger, you are typically covered by the ride-sharing platform’s insurance. Coverage levels can vary between companies and often provide “contingent” coverage, meaning you would have to have a certain level of protection on your personal policy in order to receive coverage from the company.

Uber and Lyft both have coverage limits during Periods 1, 2, and 3, so this is hardly comprehensive protection. Your best option is to notify your personal auto insurer that you are driving for a ride-sharing app and speak to your insurance agent about your gap insurance options.

Some insurance companies offer ridesharing insurance to cover the gaps in coverage while the app is turned on or you can look into purchasing a commercial auto insurance policy.

 

Conclusion

Relying on your personal auto insurance policy to cover your business vehicle(s) is a costly–and possibly fraudulent–mistake.

Your livelihood requires reliable transportation to get to clients, haul work equipment, or carry passengers. Make sure you have adequate coverage for every eventuality that could affect your day-to-day operations by building a comprehensive commercial auto policy.

The best place to purchase commercial auto insurance in Florida is through an independent insurance agent. Independent agents are not tied to a single insurer, so they are able to get quotes from multiple companies to see which policy is the best deal for you.

They can also advise you on the types of policies you might need based on your individual business. All at no additional cost to you!

Contact us today to see how we can help your business.

https://www.trustedchoice.com/commercial-vehicle-insurance/coverage-faq/

https://www.fciains.com/blog/what-does-florida-commercial-auto-coverage-include

https://www.dmv.org/insurance/who-needs-commercial-auto-insurance.php

https://www.thebalancesmb.com/who-s-covered-under-my-commercial-auto-policy-462412

https://www.mwl-law.com/employer-business-auto-policy-coverage-employee-personal-vehicles/

https://www.nerdwallet.com/blog/insurance/personal-vs-commercial-auto-insurance/

https://www.mileiq.com/blog/rideshare-insurance-drive-uber-lyft/

https://www.nerdwallet.com/blog/insurance/best-ridesharing-insurance/

About the Author

Jason Levine

Jason received a Masters of Science & Management in Risk Management & Insurance from Florida State University. He has been with Harry Levine Insurance for 9 years and handles the leadership of daily operations. He was the 2013-2014 Florida Association of Insurance Agents Young Agent Council's Agent of the Year. Currently serves on FAIA Board of Directors.

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